Homeopathy Approach for Jaundice in Newborns

Jaundice is a fairly common occurrence in newborn babies. Jaundice in newborn babies occurs when there is excess bilirubin (hyperbilirubinemia) which is a yellow tinged component of red blood cell in baby’s blood. This causes the skin, and sometimes the whites of the eyes, to appear yellow. Bilirubin levels are naturally highest 3-5 days after birth, so it’s most common for jaundice to occur within 5 days of birth. Jaundice affects an estimated 60% of full-term babies and 80% of preterm babies, and it’s more commonly seen in breastfed infants.

Causes

  • It typically occurs because the newborn liver is immature and not functioning at its peak.

Less common causes

  • An infection.
  • Baby’s blood is incompatible with the mother’s, causing a reaction.
  • Problems with the digestive system.
  • Internal bleeding from birth injuries like cephalohematoma.
  • Liver malfunction
  • Certain gene mutations, like Gilbert Syndrome.

 

Risk factors

  • Premature birth: A baby born before 38 weeks may not be able to process bilirubin as quickly as full-term babies do. They feed less and have fewer bowel movements, resulting in less bilirubin eliminated through stool.
  • Significant bruising during birth: newborn gets bruises from the delivery, may have a higher level of bilirubin from the breakdown of more red blood cells.
  • Blood type: If the mother’s blood type is different from her baby’s, the baby may have received antibodies through the placenta that cause blood cells to break down more quickly.
  • Breast-feeding: Breast-fed babies, particularly who have difficulty nursing or getting enough nutrition from breast-feeding, are at higher risk of jaundice. Dehydration or a low-calorie intake may contribute to the onset of jaundice. However, because of the benefits of breast-feeding, experts still recommend it. It’s important to make sure your baby gets enough to eat and is adequately hydrated.

Symptoms

Mild jaundice in newborn babies

  • Extreme weakness
  • Pale stools
  • Dark urine
  • Trouble feeding

Moderate to severe jaundice in newborn babies

  • Baby’s skin gets increasingly yellow
  • The whites of the eyes are yellow
  • The baby is lethargic or listless
  • Has trouble eating
  • Baby has lost more than 10% of his birth weight
  • Jaundice lasts for 3 weeks or more

Complications

Acute bilirubin encephalopathy: Bilirubin is toxic to cells of the brain. If a baby has severe jaundice, there’s a risk of bilirubin passing into the brain, a condition called acute bilirubin encephalopathy.

The following may indicate acute bilirubin encephalopathy in a baby with jaundice:

  • Listlessness or difficulty waking
  • High-pitched crying
  • Poor sucking or feeding
  • Backward arching of the neck and body
  • Fever
  • Vomiting

Kernicterus: it is a syndrome that occurs if acute bilirubin encephalopathy causes permanent damage to the brain.

Kernicterus may result in:

  • Involuntary and uncontrolled movements (athetoid cerebral palsy)
  • Permanent upward gaze
  • Hearing loss
  • Improper development of tooth enamel

Diagnosis

Visual examination: They need to be undressed during this so their skin can be looked at under good, preferably natural, light.

Other things that may also be checked include:

  • the whites of your baby’s eyes
  • your baby’s gums
  • the color of your baby’s urine

Bilirubin test

  • A small device called a bilirubinometer: which shines light on to your baby’s skin (it calculates the level of bilirubin by analyzing how the light reflects off or is absorbed by the skin)
  • A blood test: sample of blood taken by pricking your baby’s heel with a needle (the level of bilirubin in the liquid part of the blood called the serum is then measured).

Blood test

The blood is analysed to determine:

  • The baby’s blood group (this is to see if it’s incompatible with the mother’s)
  • Whether any antibodies (infection-fighting proteins) are attached to the baby’s red blood cells
  • The number of cells in the baby’s blood
  • Whether there’s any infection
  • Whether there’s an enzyme deficiency

Homeopathic medicine for jaundice in newborns

 

Lupulus

  • One of the most effective Homeopathic medicines for jaundice in newborns.
  • Yellow pigmentation of the skin and a slow pulse.

Lycopodium

  • Effective remedy for infantile jaundice.
  • The babies are irritable and constipated.
  • The belly rumbles and is full of gas.
  • The irritability and colic are worse from 4 pm to 8 pm.

Arnica montana

  • Indicated for jaundice caused by difficult traumatic birth.
  • The baby is bruised or swollen.
  • Arnica is given immediately after a difficult to prevent jaundice from developing.

Aconitum napellus

  • Used for jaundice that appears acutely and suddenly.
  • It is used especially if mother or baby is suffering shock after a difficult or unexpectedly short labour.

Chamomilla

  • A specific remedy for infant jaundice.
  • Jaundice immediately after birth.

Chelidonium

  • A prominent liver and jaundice remedy in which there is marked lethargy and sluggish bowels.

Mercurius sol

  • An effective remedy for infant jaundice.
  • It should be given when the jaundice is not cured within one week.

China

  • Good remedy for infant jaundice.
  • It should be given after Merc. sol

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