Kawasaki disease is an idiopathic multisystem disease of young children characterized by Vasculitis of the small-and medium-sized blood vessels. It is an acute febrile vasculitis syndrome that occurs in early childhood.
Is Kawasaki disease common in?
- Kawasaki disease is more common in males than in females.
- Kawasaki disease occur in children under 5 years of age.
- The 95% of cases occur in children under the age of 10 years.
- It is rarely reported in adults.
- It is also affected the people who are suffering from HIV.
Causes of Kawasaki disease
- The etiology of Kawasaki disease is not known.
- The certain genes are known to increase a child’s susceptibility towards the Kawasaki disease.
- The disease has a genetic tendency.
- Siblings of affected children have a high risk of developing Kawasaki disease as compared to the general population.
Some of the risk factors
- History of the patient.
- Family history of the patient.
- Boys are at more risk.
- Children under 5 years of age are at more risk.
Kawasaki disease symptoms
Kawasaki disease symptoms in first phase include:
- Fever that is often is higher than 102.2 F (39 C) and lasts more than three days
- Extremely red eyes (conjunctivitis) without a thick discharge
- A rash on the main part of the body (trunk) and in the genital area
- Red, dry, cracked lips and an extremely red, swollen tongue (strawberry tongue)
- Swollen, red skin on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck and perhaps elsewhere
Kawasaki disease symptoms in second phase include:
- Peeling of the skin on the hands and feet, especially the tips of the fingers and toes, often in large sheets
- Joint pain
- Abdominal pain
In the third phase of the disease, signs and symptoms slowly go away unless complications develop. It may be as long as eight weeks before energy levels seem normal again.
- Laboratory tests for Kawasaki disease
- Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) to look for elevation
- CBC to look for leukocytosis
- Serum immunoglobulin levels to for elevated IgE level
- Chemistry panel to look for elevated bilirubin
- Blood and throat cultures to identify causative organisms.
- Imaging studies
Following tests are mainly required for the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease
- ECG to look arrhythmias
- Chest radiograph to look cardiomegaly and infiltrates
- Echocardiogram to look for valvular abnormalities and cardiomyopathy.
Homeopathy is one of the most popular holistic systems of medicine. The selection of remedy is based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by using holistic approach. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering. The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat Kawasaki disease symptoms but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility. As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat Kawasaki disease symptoms that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints. For individualized remedy selection and treatment, the patient should consult a qualified homeopathic doctor in person.
Frequent flashes of heat. Violent ebullitions of heat throughout entire body. Dry skin and great thirst. Night sweat, on nape and occiput. Perspiration of single parts. Disgusting sweats. Remittent type. Conjunctivitis with yellow burning discharge from the eye. Red eye and eyelids. Burning in the eyes. Burning ulcers on the edges of eyelids. Lips are dry. Worse at rest, when standing, warmth in bed, washing, bathing, in morning, 11 am, night. Better by dry, warm weather, lying on right side, from drawing up affected limbs.
It is a natural remedy of great help when the fever is accompanied by extreme restlessness and anxiety. The patient feels an increased thirst for cold water and the body aches are intolerable. The use of medicine Aconite should always be considered when the fever has risen after sudden exposure to cold winds. Tongue swollen; tip tingles. Watery diarrhea in children. They cry and complain much, are sleepless and restless. Better in open air; worse in warm room, in evening and night; worse lying on affected side, from music, dry, and cold winds.
The remedy is indicated when the mouth is dry, Gumboil. Tongue red on edges. Looks like Strawberry tongue. Tongue swollen and painful. Stammering. A high feverish state with comparative absence of toxaemia. Burning, pungent, steaming, heat. Feet icy cold. Superficial blood-vessels, distended. Perspiration dry only on head. No thirst with fever. Dry and hot; swollen, sensitive; burns scarlet, smooth. Glands swollen, tender, red. Swelling of glands of neck. Worse by touch, jar, noise, draught, after noon and lying down. Better by semi-erect.
Fever is intermittent, paroxysms anticipate; return every week. All stages well marked. Chill generally in forenoon, commencing in breast; thirst before chill, and little and often. Debilitating night-sweats. Free perspiration caused by every little exertion, especially on single parts. Hay fever, watery coryza, pain in temples. Pain in right hypochondrium. Gall-stone colic. Liver and spleen swollen and enlarged. Jaundice. Worse by slightest touch, Draught of air, every other day, loss of vital fluids, at night; after eating and bending over. Better by bending double, hard pressure, open air and warmth.
Fever is adynamic, restless, trembling. tongue dry and brown; bowels loose; great restlessness. Intermittent; chill, with dry cough and restlessness. During heat, urticaria. Chilly, as if cold water were poured over him, followed by heat and inclination to stretch the limbs. Extremities is hot, painful swelling of joints. Pains tearing in tendons, ligaments, and fascia. Eyes are swollen, red, oedematous; orbital cellulitis. Throat is sore with swollen glands. Abdomen has violent pains, relieved by lying on abdomen. Diarrhea of blood, slime, and reddish mucus. Dysentery, with tearing pains down thighs. Stools of cadaverous odor. Frothy, painless stools. Will often abort a beginning suppurative process near the rectum. Dysentery. Worse during sleep, cold, wet rainy weather and after rain; at night, during rest, drenching, when lying on back or right side. Better by warm, dry weather, motion; walking, change of position, rubbing, warm applications, from stretching out limbs.
Fever is intermittent. Chilly in back; feet icy cold; hot flushes and hot perspiration. Paroxysm returns after acids. Abdomen tympanic, sensitive, painful. Throat is sore, worse at left side and swallowing liquids. Throat is dry, intensely swollen, externally and internally. Gum is swollen, spongy, bleed. Tongue swollen, burns, trembles, red, dry and cracked at tip, catches on teeth. Worse after sleep. Lachesis sleeps into aggravation; ailments that come on during sleep, left side, in the spring, warm bath, pressure or constriction, hot drinks and closing eyes. Better by appearance of discharges, warm applications.
Fever is chilly every evening. Cold knees at night. Adynamic with lack of thirst, but unnatural hunger. Hectic, with small, quick pulse; viscid night-sweats. Profuse perspiration. Great weakness after stool. Pearly white conjunctiva and long curved lashes. Nursing sore mouth. Thirst for very cold water. Tongue dry, smooth, and red. Worse by touch; physical or mental exertion; twilight; warm food or drink; change of weather, from getting wet in hot weather; evening; lying on left or painful side; during a thunder-storm; ascending stairs. Better in dark, lying on right side, cold food; cold; open air; washing with cold water and sleep.
It is indicated when the person is irritable weakness, great exhaustion after slightest exertion and restlessness. Fever is in high temperature. Periodicity marked with adynamic. Septic fevers. Intermittent. Paroxysms incomplete, with marked exhaustion. Hay-fever. Cold sweats. Complete exhaustion. Great heat about 3 am. Skin is dry, rough, scaly; worse by cold and scratching. Dysentery dark, bloody, very offensive. Abdomen swollen and painful. Pain as from a wound in abdomen on coughing. Tongue dry, clean, and red; stitching and burning pain in tongue. Worse, wet weather, after midnight; from cold, cold drinks, or food, Seashore and right side. Better from heat; from head elevated and warm drinks.